Beyond Kale and Pedicures: Strategies to Reduce Compassion Fatigue and Burnout
There is now over two decades of research proving that working in high stress, trauma-exposed professions such as child welfare, children’s mental health, law enforcement and health care carries elements of risk to the care provider: compassion fatigue, secondary trauma and burnout can take a cumulative toll on us as individuals and as teams. >>
What can professionals do to protect themselves from the difficult stories that they work with on a regular basis, limited resources and high volume of work, while still remaining effective and compassionate? Using the most recent research in the field, this keynote will explore assumptions about compassion fatigue and vicarious trauma, the organizational and personal barriers that professionals face in their daily lives, and offers new and creative approaches to transforming these occupational hazards.
10:30am–12:00pm Workshop 1
Global Approach to Pediatric Sexual Assault Evidence Collection: Bridging Care and Analysis
Kristine Aznavoorian, Betsy Rabel, and Cynthia Moore
This workshop will examine the Massachusetts Pediatric Sexual Assault program’s response to acute evidence collection and the impact evidence collection can have on the CAC MDT members’ response. >>
During the workshop there will be a practical discussion on the parameters of pediatric evidence collection and options available for maximizing forensic evidence recovery and the role of both the Children’s Advocacy Center and the State Police Crime Lab in the collection and examination of the forensic evidence. A case study of a pediatric sexual assault will be presented highlighting the process of a case as it proceeds from emergency room, to forensic lab, to the CAC and beyond.
Critical Issues in Sibling Sexual Abuse
This workshop will review the literature and clinical features of sibling sexual abuse. Topics include: separation of victim and offender, joint interviews with victim and offender, the roles of key service providers (police, protective services, probation, and mental health). >>
The critical role of full family participation in the assessment and treatment process will be outlined. Case examples demonstrate a working model to address issues of safety, loyalty, engagement, and minimization.
Sexual Assault: Brain, Experience, Behavior, Memory
Dr. James Hopper
Traumatic experiences have immediate, powerful and potentially long-lasting effects on the human brain. This presentation explains how fear and trauma can alter brain functioning during sexual assault. Participants will learn about the key brain circuitries impacted by fear and trauma, including the prefrontal cortex and the circuitries of fear and memory. >>
Participants will come to understand brain-based experiences, behaviors, and memory characteristics that are, unfortunately, still commonly misunderstood by many who work with victims of sexual assault. This presentation provides a critical foundation for learning and applying trauma-informed responses with people who have been sexually assaulted.
Undercover as a Pedophile: Six Years in their Shoes
Robert Hugh Farley
The term child molester is fairly common and is frequently used by the public. Robert Hugh Farley MS, who worked undercover as a pedophile for six years, in a federal strike force, in a three-state area, presents an eye-opening seminar that explores the distorted world, the rationalizations and the behavioral dynamics of those individuals who sexually abuse children. >>
The seminar will identify and then discuss the methodologies and seduction techniques employed by the pedophile, the situational child molester, the preferential child molester and the technology facilitated child sexual predator. Lastly, the seminar examines the topics of child erotica, child pornography, trophies and their use by the child molester.
A Family-Focused, Play-Based Approach to Children with Sexual Behavior Problems
Dr. Jennifer Shaw
This workshop reviews the theory and practice of an integrative, play-based treatment program for young and school-age children with sexual behavior problems (Boundary Project, Gil and Shaw). This workshop places special emphasis on guiding parents, and offering specific ways to engage children and caretakers in treatment designed to reduce sexual behavior problems, address underlying factors and familial dynamics, and enhance parent-child relationships. A variety of play therapy strategies and case illustrations (expressive arts) will be discussed.
1:15pm–2:45pm Workshop 2
Bringing Youth Voice to the Child Trafficking Multidisciplinary Team
Susan Goldfarb and Elizabeth Bouchard
Youth leaders in Boston want their message to be heard. This workshop will bring input and advice of the Support to End Exploitation Now (SEEN) Youth Advisory Board for MDT members investigating and providing services for exploited youth. >>
What matters most in the first conversation? What is helpful? What doesn’t work? The workshop will offer concrete, discipline-specific recommendations from youth for each MDT member (law enforcement, prosecutors, forensic interviewers, medical providers and more). The presentation will help prepare first responders to meet high risk and exploited youth “where they’re at” in a long-term recovery process, and will integrate personal anecdotes and case examples to bring youth advice to life. Attendees will gain knowledge and insight from young survivor leaders and strategies to enhance their work as part of an MDT.
Sentinel Injuries in Child Physical Abuse
Dr. Kristin Crichton
This presentation will focus on the importance of recognizing minor injuries in young children that may be indicative of child abuse. >>
We will review cases of sentinel injuries and discuss how to identify these injuries and the importance of intervention with the goal of preventing recurrent episodes of child physical abuse.
Freehand Drawings: A Clarification Technique for Child Abuse Investigations
Robert Hugh Farley
Utilizing sensitive and poignant vignettes, Robert Hugh Farley MS presents visual illustrations of sexual abuse and violent behavior not only received, but also witnessed by children and young people. >>
Freehand drawings can provide victims of child maltreatment with a canvas to project and safely describe their experiences. Additionally, the drawings can provide valuable information for the forensic interviewer, investigators, prosecutors and treatment providers.
An Integrative, Expressive Arts Approach to Child Sexual Abuse: A Case Illustration from the Lens of Neurobiology
Dr. Jennifer Shaw
This case illustration-focused presentation will provide an overview of rationale, theory, and practice for work with traumatized children and youth, specifically sexual trauma. Special emphasis is placed on the neurobiological impact of early childhood trauma, ways in which affect and behavior are responses to a state of stress/distress, and the ways in which play and expressive arts strategies are well suited to address issues typically seen in children who have experienced sexual trauma.
Core DEC Awareness: Identifying Drug Endangered Children: A Collaborative Approach
Lieutenant Eric Nation and Stacee Read
Ignored, abused, and abandoned – these are some of the chronic conditions experienced by children raised in environments where there is substance abuse or illegal drug use, manufacturing, cultivation and distribution. >>
Drug endangered children are part of a very large, and growing population of children whose lives have been seriously and negatively impacted by dangerous drugs. Thousands of these children across our country go unnoticed and do not receive the necessary care and treatment to heal from these abusive environments. If ignored and left unsupported these children continue to be victims caught in a cycle of drug abuse. The primary challenge with illegal substance abuse and drug endangered children is in aligning the agencies and systems responsible for preventing, intervening, and treating these issues to increase the chances of better outcomes. Through the National Alliance for Drug Endangered Children (National DEC), the drug endangered children mission focuses on the formation of multi-disciplinary partnerships that take advantage of existing agency personnel, resources, and responsibilities and coordinates their mutual interests and duties to meet the specific needs of these children. The focus on these children’s needs extends throughout the entire process until the child is in a permanent, safe and positive functioning environment. The Core DEC Awareness training looks at overcoming the challenges in aligning the agencies and systems responsible for preventing, intervening, and treating these issues to change the trajectories of the lives of drug endangered children and break multi-generational cycles of abuse and neglect.
3:00pm–4:30pm Workshop 3
Sexualized Behavior Problems in Prepubescent Children - When is Clinical Intervention Necessary?
This workshop will address the confusing issues surrounding sexualized behavior presentation by the pre-school and school aged child. Discussion will include the influence of culture and media on “acceptable” behavior. >>
Criteria will be outlined to assist in determining the necessity of clinical intervention. The role of parents, educators, health care personnel and mental health practitioners in identifying problems will be defined.
Challenging Cases in Child Sexual Abuse: A Discussion of Sexually Transmitted Infections and Mimics
Dr. Kristin Crichton
In this presentation, the medical approach to evaluating victims of child sexual abuse for sexually transmitted infections (STI) will be discussed, as well as the forensic significance of STIs in children. We will also discuss the normal female ano-genital exam and review common mimics of sexual abuse.
Responding to Child Abductions
Supervisory Special Agent Mark MacKizer and Special Agent David Fallon
This block of instruction is presented by the FBI's Child Abduction Rapid Deployment (CARD) Team and the Behavioral Analysis Unit for investigators responding to the potential stranger abduction of a child. >>
This course is designed to provide the critical initial actions to law enforcement professionals responding to these events. Instructors will provide case examples and discuss the FBI's Child Abduction Response Plan (CARP), offender characteristics, victimology, and best practices. The instructors will also discuss the multitude of resources the FBI can provide to assist in the investigation of these cases.
Case Study: Male Child Sexual Assault - The Reactions and Psychological Trauma
Male CSA presents for investigators and child welfare professionals. This presentation explores two case studies of young boys perpetrated on by adults in a position of trust. >>
The challenges presented during interviews will be examined and the psychological and emotional trauma will be discussed. Signs and symptomatology prior to disclosure will be addressed. Additionally, the reactionary differences to male victimization and how we can foster healing.
The Drug Endangered Children Approach: Moving from Awareness to Action
Lieutenant Eric Nation and Stacee Read
This training by the National Alliance for Drug Endangered Children (National DEC) focuses on how to implement the DEC Approach which is a comprehensive strategy based on a common vision, collaboration that is on-going between various disciplines and agencies, and on-going changes in practice. This DEC Approach has proven to be effective in improving the likelihood of better outcomes for drug endangered children. >>
This training provides insights about how various practitioners—including child welfare professionals, law enforcement officers, court/judicial professionals, prosecutors, probation/parole, medical personnel, educators and treatment providers—are in a position to identify, protect, and serve drug endangered children and their families. The trainers discuss the identification of risks to drug endangered children and what all disciplines can look for when collecting evidence and information on drug endangered children. The trainers utilize pictures and video of real DEC scenarios to assist professionals in understanding what to look for regarding the “life of the child”. The training includes trainer led discussions and hands on exercises to demonstrate how implementing collaboration enhances the likelihood of better outcomes for drug endangered children.
8:30am–10:00am Workshop 1
The Fall of an Icon: The Arrest and Conviction of Jared Fogle
Sergeant Chris Cecil and Detective Kevin Getz
This case study will explore the investigative steps and forensic analysis which cumulatively led to the arrests and convictions of former Subway spokesman Jared Fogle and former Jared Foundation Executive Director Russell Taylor. >>
Specifically, it will discuss how the case was handled, what steps were taken to uncover additional crimes of the offenders, and the lessons learned. The case study will illustrate how great teamwork between city, state, and federal investigators led to the rescue and identification of 14 children.
Determining Plausibility of Childhood Burns
Dr. Kristin Crichton
This case-based presentation will focus on comparing patterns of accidental and abusive burns, describe the approach to a burn investigation, and discuss mimics of abusive burns.
Children’s Eyewitness Memory and Suggestibility: Areas of Consensus and Controversy
When concerns have been raised about child maltreatment, it is often necessary to talk to the child and find out what exactly happened, when, and who was involved. How children are questioned can profoundly affect the accuracy and completeness of their reports. >>
In this presentation, I will review strategies used to (a) increase children’s willingness to disclose prior negative experiences, (b) increase the amount of detail children provide about those experiences in a way that does not compromise accuracy, and (c) decrease children’s tendency to err in their reports. I will also describe ongoing controversies regarding interviewing practices and children’s reporting tendencies so that adults faced with the task of both finding out what children know and evaluating interviews (e.g., videotapes, transcripts) can make informed decisions about how best to weigh the information children provide.
Creative Interactions for Problems of Dysregulation
Children who have experienced neglect, maltreatment, or chronic trauma often have a stress response that has been retrained with a hair trigger, making their window of tolerance for stress very narrow. >>
This workshop will talk about the neurobiological underpinnings of dysregulation in traumatized children and offer a multitude of play based techniques for helping children with affect-regulation, soothing the physiology and impulse-control.
10:15am–11:45am Workshop 2
Innocence Lost National Initiative and FBI Resources in Child Sex Trafficking Matters
An overview of the FBI’s Innocence Lost National Initiative targeting domestic child sex trafficking cases including: task forces, large scale events (Operation Cross Country), and working with NCMEC. >>
Additionally, information will be provided on available law enforcement training resources and the recently launched nationwide sex trafficking database the Innocence Lost Data/Web Archival Tool (ILD/WAT).
The Darknet and Emerging Technologies
As the internet continues to evolve new layers populate where offenders commit criminal offenses. One such area is known as the Dark Net. Participants will learn how the Darknet works and how potential criminal activity is facilitated on the Darknet is crucial to investigating and prosecuting child exploitation cases. >>
In addition, new software applications are being added to mobile phones and tablets daily. This presentation will demonstrate several of the newer applications for mobile devices that are popular for teenagers. Participants will learn about vault applications and the ability to secretly store information.
Failure to Protect and the Female Perpetrator: Why Do They Do It?
This presentation examines the complex issue of women who fail to protect their children from child maltreatment and women who perpetrate on children. Most people have a visceral reaction to child abuse, and the role of a female figure can garner a range of responses. >>
For example, the female teacher who perpetrates on a male student receives a different reaction than the male teacher who perpetrates on a female student. However, child abuse encompasses not only those females who perpetrate, but those who fail to keep their children from harm. Case studies of the female perpetrator from several different perspectives will be explored, including the female sex offender, the female who does not protect her children, and a female who gave birth and put the newborn in a box in her closet.
Be My Safe Boss: Helping Caregivers Hold the Hard Stories of Traumatized Children
Traumatized children need the safe grown-ups in their lives to hold their hard stories. >>
This workshop will offer 1) strategies for helping caregivers become bigger containers for the children in their care, 2) examples of structured interventions for helping children share trauma narratives with their safe bosses, and 3) how clinicians help caregivers co-create coherent narratives of traumatic events in sand, art, play, and dyadic exercises. Since children’s “telling” is much more often a “showing” of the scary things that have happened to them through post traumatic play, idiosyncratic behaviors, art, sand and play creations, case vignettes will include children’s use of all these ways of telling and how caregivers can hold the stories as they are told.
12:00pm–1:30pm Workshop 3
Hiding Abuse Behind Mental Illness: The Prosecution of an Abusive Father
This case study will take you into the world of two autistic boys, a world shaped by their diagnoses of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and sexual abuse at the hands of their father. >>
The father sexually abused the victims hoping that he could hide his crimes behind their mental illnesses. The limited communicative ability of the boys made the investigation and prosecution of this case unique and problematic. Issues including medication history, multiple forensic interviews and immunity agreements will be addressed. The presenter will discuss how prosecutors, psychiatrists, therapists and law enforcement worked together to overcome the communication impairments of the victims to secure a conviction for a man who abused the most vulnerable in our society.
Using Technology to Investigate Human Trafficking Cases
As the internet continues to evolve new layers populate where offenders commit criminal offenses. One such area is known as the Dark Net. >>
Participants will learn how the Darknet works and how potential criminal activity is facilitated on the Darknet is crucial to investigating and prosecuting child exploitation cases. In addition, new software applications are being added to mobile phones and tablets daily. This presentation will demonstrate several of the newer applications for mobile devices that are popular for teenagers. Participants will learn about vault applications and the ability to secretly store information.
Stress, Uncertainty, and Child Victims' Involvement in the Legal System: Implications for Interventions
At a broad level, children growing up in violent families and communities, and children exposed to maltreatment, have endured multiple experiences defined by chronic stress, challenge, and uncertainty. >>
These experiences exert profound and long-term consequences on biological, socio-emotional, and cognitive functioning. In this presentation, I will describe the effects of both chronic and acute stress on children. I will then describe facets of the legal system that may further contribute to children’s stress. I will close with a discussion of effective strategies to reduce some of that stress and facilitate children’s functioning.
Delight in Me: Bringing Back Joy for Families in Distress
This workshop is aimed at helping families recapture the joy stolen by neglect, trauma, anxiety or a lack of connectedness between parent and child. >>
Core attachment principles will be translated into practical play-based strategies for enhancing dyadic attunement, building connections, helping parents effectively soothe the child, and maximizing delight. Come prepared to play.